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Find information on animal health topics, written for the veterinary professional.

* This is the Veterinary Version. *

Abbreviations and Symbols

By Manuals Staff,

ad lib

as much as desired

ADP

adenosine diphosphate

ALT

alanine aminotransferase

AST

aspartate aminotransferase

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

bid

twice a day

bpm

beats per minute

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

C

Celsius (Centigrade)

cal

calorie(s)

CBC(s)

complete blood count(s)

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

cm

centimeter(s)

CNS

central nervous system

CK

creatine kinase (CPK, creatine phosphokinase)

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

CT

computed tomography

cu

cubic

DIC

disseminated intravascular coagulation

dL

deciliter(s)

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

ECG

electrocardiogram

eg

for example

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EPG

eggs per gram (of feces)

et seq

and the following one(s)

EU

European Union

F

Fahrenheit

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

fL

femtoliter(s)

ft

foot, feet

g

gram(s)

gal.

gallon(s)

GI

gastrointestinal

GnRH

gonadotropin-releasing hormone

H&E

hematoxylin and eosin

Hgb

hemoglobin

hr

hour(s)

ie

that is

Ig

immunoglobulin (with class following: A, D, E, G, or M)

IL

interleukin

IM

intramuscular(ly)

in.

inch(es)

IP

intraperitoneal(ly)

IU

international unit(s)

IV

intravenous(ly)

kcal

kilocalorie(s)

kg

kilogram(s)

L

liter(s)

LDH

lactate dehydrogenase

lb

pound(s)

m

meter(s)

M

molar

Mcal

megacalorie(s)

ME

metabolizable energy

mEq

milliequivalent(s)

mg

milligram(s)

min

minute(s)

mL

milliliter(s)

mm

millimeter(s)

mo

month(s)

mol

mole(s)

mOsm

milliosmole(s)

nm

nanometer(s)

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

NRC

National Research Council

NSAID(s)

nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drug(s)

OIE

Office International des Épizooties

oz

ounce(s)

p/pp

page/pages

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PCV

packed cell volume

pH

negative logarithm of hydrogen ion activity

PO

per os, orally

ppb

part(s) per billion

ppm

part(s) per million

qid

four times a day

qs ad

quantity sufficient to make

RBC(s)

red blood cell(s)

RNA

ribonucleic acid

SC

subcutaneous(ly)

sec

second(s)

SI units

International System of Units

SPF

specific pathogen free

sq

square

tbsp

tablespoon(s)

TDN

total digestible nutrients

tid

three times a day

tsp

teaspoon(s)

U

unit(s)

UK

United Kingdom

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

USA

United States of America

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (former)

WBC(s)

white blood cell(s)

wk

week(s)

wt

weight

yr

year(s)

α

alpha

β

beta

γ

gamma

δ

delta

ε

epsilon

κ

kappa

λ

lambda

μ

micro, mu

σ

sigma

Resources In This Article

* This is the Veterinary Version. *