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Urine Volume and Specific Gravity

By Susan E. Fielder, DVM, MS, DACVP (Clinical Pathology), Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences (CVHS), Oklahoma State University

Urine Volume and Specific Gravity

Species

Volume (mL/kg body wt/day)

Specific Gravity (range)

Cat

10–20

1.020–1.040

Cow

17–45

1.030–1.045

Dog

20–100

1.016–1.060

Goat

10–40

1.015–1.045

Horse

3–18

1.025–1.060

Pig

5–30

1.010–1.050

Sheep

10–40

1.015–1.045

Adapted from Reece WO, Kidney Function in Mammals, in Dukes' Physiology of Domestic Animals, 12th ed., Reece WO, Ed. Copyright 2004 by Cornell University.

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