Find information on animal health topics, written for the veterinary professional.

Maxilla and mandible, llama


Maxilla and mandible of a male llama. Maxillary teeth shown are the third incisor and canine. Mandibular teeth shown are I1–I4. The llama fighting teeth are the upper third incisors, upper canines, and lower fourth incisors (six total teeth). The fighting teeth are most prominent in the male and grow continuously.

Courtesy of Dr. Bradford B. Smith and Dr. Karen I. Timm.