THE MERCK VETERINARY MANUAL
Print Topic

Sections

Chapters

Neoplastic Arthritis in Small Animals

-
-

Synovial cell sarcoma is the most common malignant tumor involving the joints. The tumor arises from primitive mesenchymal cells outside the synovial membrane. Clinical signs include lameness and joint swelling. Radiography reveals soft-tissue swelling and a periosteal reaction. Pulmonary metastasis is detected in ~25% of animals at initial examination. Biopsy reveals evidence of a soft-tissue tumor. Limb amputation is the treatment of choice, although palliative radiation may be considered for cases with a low tumor burden not involving bone.

Last full review/revision June 2013 by Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS

Copyright     © 2009-2015 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., U.S.A.    Privacy    Terms of Use    Permissions