Merck Manual

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Contributors

Content last modified Feb 2019

We gratefully acknowledge the expertise of the contributors to our current online version. The subject(s) that they are responsible for are listed after their affiliations.

Stephen B. Adams, DVM, MS, DACVS
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
Lameness in Horses , Musculoskeletal System Introduction , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Susan Aiello, DVM, ELS
Description and Physical Characteristics of Dogs , Routine Care and Breeding of Horses , Routine Care and Breeding of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Cats , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Dog , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Horse , Routine Care and Breeding of Dogs , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Cat

Andrew J. Allen, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University
Metabolic Disorders Introduction , Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Transport Tetany in Ruminants , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses

Dana G. Allen, DVM, MSc, DACVIM
Ontario Veterinary College
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

Kelly E. Allen, MS, PhD
Oklahoma State University
Blood Parasites

Sandra Allweiler, DVM, DACVA
Oregon State University, Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine
Pain Assessment and Management , Pain Management

Glen W. Almond, DVM, PhD
North Carolina State University
Postpartum Dysgalactia Syndrome and Mastitis in Sows

Gary C. Althouse, BS, MS, DVM, PhD, DACT
Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania
Management of Reproduction: Pigs

Claire B. Andreasen, DVM, PhD, DACVP
Iowa State University
Staphylococcosis

Christine Andreoni,
Discovery Merial Limited
Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

Frank M. Andrews, DVM, MS, DACVIM-LA
Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
Gastrointestinal Ulcers in Large Animals

John A. Angelos, DVM, PhD
University of California-Davis
Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis

Max J. Appel, DMV, PhD
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Donald Armstrong, MD
Infectious Disease Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Cornell University Medical College
Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

David A. Ashford, DVM, MPH, DSc
International Services, APHIS, USDA
Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Clarke Atkins, DVM, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Heartworm Disease

Rick Atwell, BVSc, PhD, FACVSc
University of Queensland
Tick Paralysis

Joerg A. Auer, DrMedVet, Dr h c, MS, DACVS, DECVS
Equine Department, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zürich
Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Tahseen Abdul-Aziz, BVMS, MS, PhD, DACPV
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
Avian Encephalomyelitis , Botulism , Listeriosis

David G. Baker, DVM, MS, PhD, DACLAM
Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
Eyeworm Disease , Eye Disorders of Horses , Eye Disorders of Dogs , Eye Disorders of Cats

Gordon J. Baker, BVSc, PhD, MRCVS, DACVS
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
Digestive Disorders of Horses

Lora R. Ballweber, MS, DVM, DACVM (Parasitology)
College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Gastrointestinal Parasites of Pigs , Fluke Infections in Ruminants , Lungworm Infection

Alejandro Banda, DVM, MSc, PhD, DACPV, DACVM
Mississippi State University
Duck Viral Enteritis

Gad Baneth, DVM, PhD, DECVCP
Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University, Rehovot
Leishmaniosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Lisa G. Barber, DVM, DACVIM
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
Antineoplastic Agents

Stephen C. Barr, BVSc, MVS, PhD, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

George M. Barrington, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University
Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria , Photosensitization , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

Joseph W. Bartges, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

Andrew P. Bathe, MA, VetMB, DACVS, DEO, MRCVS
Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Robert B. Beckstead, PhD
North Carolina State University
Hexamitiasis , Histomoniasis , Cochlosomiasis ( Cochlosoma anatis ) in Turkeys and Ducks

Daniela Bedenice, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
Management of the Neonate , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Sylvia J. Bedford-Guaus, DVM, PhD, DACT
Peekskill-Cortlandt Veterinary Hospital|Campus ETSEA, School of Veterinary Medicine
Breeding Soundness Examination of the Male

James K. Belknap, DVM, PhD, DACVS
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University
Lameness in Horses

Michael Bernstein, DVM, DACVIM
Angell Animal Medical Center
Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

William G. Bickert, PhD (Deceased)
Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University
Ventilation

Rob Bildfell, DVM, MSc, DACVP
Oregon State University
Collection and Submission of Laboratory Samples , Pyrrolizidine Alkaloidosis , Poisoning

William D. Black, MSc, DVM, PhD
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Poisoning

Patrick Joseph Blackall, BSc, PhD
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland
Infectious Coryza

Barry R. Blakley, DVM, PhD
Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
Metaldehyde Poisoning , Sorghum Poisoning , Mercury Poisoning , Lead Poisoning , Molybdenum Poisoning , Quercus Poisoning , Fluoride Poisoning , Copper Poisoning , Poisoning

Shauna L. Blois, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

Herman J. Boermans, DVM, MSc, PhD
Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Poisoning

Rosemary J. Booth, BVSc
Department of Environment and Resource Management, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Services
Sugar Gliders

Dawn Merton Boothe, DVM, PhD
Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
Pharmacology Introduction , Antibacterial Agents , Antiviral Agents , Drugs and Vaccines , Antifungal Agents , Chemotherapeutics Introduction

Manuel Borca, DVM, PhD
USDA
Classical Swine Fever

Davin Borde, DVM, DACVIM
Veterinary Heart Institute
Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

Kenneth R. Boschert, DVM, DACLAM
Washington University
Rats , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

Jane C. Boswell, MA, VetMB, CertVA, CertES (Orth), DECVS, MRCVS
The Liphook Equine Hospital
Lameness in Horses

Joan S. Bowen, DVM
Wellington, CO
Lameness in Goats , Health-Management Interaction: Goats

Andrew S. Bowman, MS, DVM, PhD, DACVPM
The Ohio State University
Porcine Hemagglutinating Encephalomyelitis

Perle Boyer, DVM
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
Postpartum Dysgalactia Syndrome and Mastitis in Sows

R. Keith Bramwell, BS, MS, PhD
Jamesway Incubator Company
Artificial Insemination

Kyle G. Braund, BVSc, MVSc, PhD, FRCVS, DACVIM (Neurology)
Veterinary Neurological Consulting Services
Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Matthew T. Brokken, DVM
The Ohio State University
Lameness in Horses

Scott A. Brown, VMD, PhD, DACVIM
Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Small Animals , Noninfectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Small Animals , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

Cecil F. Brownie, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABFE, DABFM, FACFEI
College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Poisonous Mushrooms , Poisonous Plants , Poisoning

Glenn F. Browning, BVSc, DVCS, PhD
Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne
Infectious Bronchitis

David Bruyette, DVM, DACVIM
Anivive Life Sciences, Woodland Hills, CA
The Pancreas , The Adrenal Glands , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

John A. Bukowski, DVM, MPH, PhD
Description and Physical Characteristics of Dogs , Routine Care and Breeding of Horses , Routine Care and Breeding of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Cats , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Dog , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Horse , Routine Care and Breeding of Dogs , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Cat

Marie S. Bulgin, DVM, MBA, DACVM
University of Idaho
Health-Management Interaction: Sheep , Lameness in Sheep , Scrapie

Kristine E. Burgess, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology)
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
Antineoplastic Agents

Amanda Burling, DVM
University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
Feline Leukemia Virus and Related Diseases

Raymond Cahill-Morasco, MS, DVM
SeaPort Veterinary Hospital, Gloucester, MA
Zinc Toxicosis , Poisoning

Robert J. Callan, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Bluetongue , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Sporadic Bovine Encephalomyelitis , Malignant Catarrhal Fever

Clay A. Calvert, DVM, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

John Campbell, DVM, DVSc
Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
Respiratory Diseases of Cattle

Karen L. Campbell, MS, DVM, DACVIM, DACVD
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

Sharon Campbell, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Pfizer Inc.
Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Ivan W. Caple, BVSc, PhD, MACVSc, MRCVS
Veterinary Clinical Centre, University of Melbourne
Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

Wayne W. Carmichael, PhD
Wright State University
Algal Poisoning

James W. Carpenter, MS, DVM, DACZM
Zoological Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
Hedgehogs

Phillip D. Carter, BVSc, MVS
Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry’s Tick Fever Centre
Blood Parasites

Samuel C. Cartner, DVM, PhD, DACLAM
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Euthanasia

Christopher K. Cebra, VMD, MA, MS, DACVIM
Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
Hepatic Lipidosis

Sharon A. Center, BS, DVM, DACVIM
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Hepatic Disease in Small Animals

Cheryl L. Chrisman, DVM, MS, EDS, DACVIM (Neurology)
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Jens Peter Christensen, DVM, PhD
Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen
Fowl Cholera , Riemerella anatipestifer Infection

Edwin Claerebout, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University
Anthelmintics

Meredith Martin Clancy, DVM, MPH, DACZM
San Diego Zoo Safari Park
Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

Keith A. Clark, DVM, PhD
Zoonosis Control Division, Texas Department of Health
Poisoning

Peter Clegg, MA, Vet MB, DipECVS, PhD, MRCVS
Veterinary Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Liverpool
Lameness in Horses

Johann (Hans) F. Coetzee, BVSc, CertCHP, PhD, DACVCP
Iowa State University
Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Digestive System

Stephen R. Collett, BSc, BVSc, MMedVet
Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Biosecurity , Sudden Death Syndrome of Broiler Chickens

Michael T. Collins, DVM, PhD, DACVM
Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Paratuberculosis

Ben H. Colmery, DVM, DAVDC
Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Peter D. Constable, BVSc (Hons), MS, PhD, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Diseases of the Ruminant Forestomach , Diseases of the Abomasum , Coccidiosis , Disorders of Potassium Metabolism , Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Cryptosporidiosis , Abdominal Fat Necrosis , Acute Intestinal Obstructions in Large Animals , Bovine Secondary Recumbency , Digestive Disorders of Horses

Rhian B. Cope, BVSC, PhD, DABT, FACTRA
Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
Smoke Inhalation , Cyanide Poisoning , Toxicologic Hazards in the Workplace

Robert W. Coppock, DVM, MS, PhD, DABVT, DABT
Robert W. Coppock, DVM, Toxicologist and Associate Ltd.
Persistent Halogenated Aromatic Poisoning

Susan M. Cotter, DVM, DACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine and Oncology)
Tufts University
Hemostatic Disorders , Blood Groups and Blood Transfusions , Hematopoietic System Introduction , Blood Disorders of Horses , Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

Laurent L. Couetil, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Large Animal)
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine
Pulmonary Emphysema

Kate E. Creevy, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Texas A&M University|Dog Aging Project
Canine Herpesviral Infection , Infectious Canine Hepatitis , Canine Distemper , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Rocio Crespo, DVM, MSc, DVSc, DACPV
North Carolina State University
Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Fatty Liver Hemorrhagic Syndrome

Gary L. Cromwell, PhD
Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky
Iron Toxicity in Newborn Pigs , Nutrition: Pigs

Suzanne M. Cunningham, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
Cardiovascular System Introduction , Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats

Mark P. Dagleish, BVMS, PhD
Moredun Research Institute
Louping Ill

Benjamin J. Darien, DVM, MS, DACVIM
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

Andrew Dart, BVSc, PhD, DACVS, DECVS
University of Sydney
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

Autumn P. Davidson, DVM, MS, DACVIM
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
Management of the Neonate , Reproductive Diseases of the Male Small Animal , Management of Reproduction: Dogs and Cats , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

Peter R. Davies, BVSc, PhD
University of Minnesota
Vesicular Exanthema of Swine , Pityriasis Rosea in Pigs (Porcine juvenile pustular psoriaform dermatitis) , Exudative Epidermitis , Parakeratosis , Swine Vesicular Disease

Sherrill Davison Yeakel, VMD, MS, MBA, DACPV
Laboratory of Avian Medicine and Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Salmonelloses

Scott A. Dee, DVM, MS, PhD
Pipestone Veterinary Services
Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Respiratory Diseases of Pigs , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome , Pseudorabies

Alice Defarges, DVM, MSc, DACVIM
Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

Fabio Del Piero, DVM, DACVP, PhD
Louisiana State University
Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

Sagi Denenberg, DVM, DACVB, Dip. ECAWBM (Behaviour), MACVSc (Behaviour)
North Toronto Veterinary Behaviour Specialty Clinic
Normal Social Behavior and Behavioral Problems of Domestic Animals , Behavior of Horses

Rishi Desai, MD, MPH
Osmosis|Stanford University
How to Study in Veterinary School

Sandra Diaz, DVM, MS, DACVD
The Ohio State University
Pyoderma , Atopic Dermatitis

R. Page Dinsmore, DVM
College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Health-Management Interaction: Dairy Cattle

Joseph A. DiPietro, DVM, MS
Institute of Agriculture, University of Tennessee
Digestive Disorders of Horses

Stephen J. Divers, BVetMed, DZooMed, DACZM, DECZM (herpetology), FRCVS
University of Georgia
Reptiles , Reptiles

Thomas J. Divers, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
Cornell University
Noninfectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Leptospirosis , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses

Thomas M. Donnelly, BVSc, DVP, DACLAM, DABVP(ECM)
The Kenneth S Warren Institute
Rodents , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

Patricia M. Dowling, DVM, MSc, DACVIM, DACVCP
Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Digestive System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Muscular System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Respiratory System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Urinary System

Michael W. Dryden, DVM, PhD, DACVM
Kansas State University
Ectoparasiticides , Fleas and Flea Allergy Dermatitis , Mange , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs

J. P. Dubey, MVSc, PhD
Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, USDA
Toxoplasmosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

Rebecca S. Duerr, DVM, MPVM, PhD
International Bird Rescue Research Center
Management of the Neonate

John Dunn, DVM, MS, PhD
USDA-ARS-Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory
Neoplasms

Neil W. Dyer, DVM, MS, DACVP
Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, North Dakota State University
Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

Jack Easley, DVM, MS, DABVP (Equine)
Dentistry , Digestive Disorders of Horses

Scott H. Edwards, BSc, BVMS, PhD, MANZCVSc
Charles Sturt University
Anti-Inflammatory Agents

Mohamed El-Gazzar, DVM, MAM, PhD, DACPV
Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
Staphylococcosis , Mycoplasmosis

Steve M. Ensley, BS, DVM, MS, PhD
Kansas State University
Toxicology Introduction , Poisoning

Ronald J. Erskine, DVM, PhD
Michigan State University
Mastitis in Large Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

Rodrigo A. Espinosa, DVM, MAM, DACPV
Aviagen, Inc
Disorders of the Reproductive System

Paul Ettestad, DVM, MS
Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health
Plague , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

A. K. Eugster, DVM, PhD
Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
Eye Disorders of Cats

David L. Evans, BVSc, PhD
University of Sydney
Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

Timothy M. Fan, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, University of Illinois
Canine Lymphoma , Blood Disorders of Dogs

Susan E. Fielder, DVM, MS, DACVP (Clinical Pathology)
Oklahoma State University
Reference Guides

Scott D. Fitzgerald, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University
West Nile Virus Infection in Poultry , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Urinary System , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

James A. Flanders, DVM, DACVS
College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

Sherrill A. Fleming, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP
Food and Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University
Pasteurellosis of Sheep and Goats

Carol S. Foil, DVM, MS, DACVD
School of Veterinary Medicine
Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Janet E. Foley, DVM, PhD
University of California, Davis
Tularemia , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Rickettsial Diseases , Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis

Taya Forde, DVM, PhD
University of Glasgow
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Infection

Jonathan H. Foreman, DVM, MS, DACVIM (LAIM)
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Hepatic Disease in Large Animals

James G. Fox, DVM, MS, DACLAM
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Mark T. Fox, BVetMed, PhD, DEVPC, FHEA, MRCVS
Department of Pathology and Pathogen Biology, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London
Gastrointestinal Parasites of Ruminants

Ruth Francis-Floyd, DVM, MS, DACZM
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Aquaculture , Aquatic Systems , Aquarium Fishes , Fish

Don A. Franco, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
Center for Biosecurity Food Safety and Public Health
Metabolic Disorders of Cats

Robert M. Friendship, DVM, MSc, DABVP
University of Guelph
Gastrointestinal Ulcers in Large Animals , Health-Management Interaction: Pigs

Richard M. Fulton, DVM, PhD
Michigan State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
Tuberculosis

Laurie J. Gage, DVM, DACZM
USDA APHIS Animal Care, Center for Animal Welfare
Management of the Neonate

Shiv Gaglani, MBA
Osmosis
How to Study in Veterinary School

Alex Gallagher, DVM, MS, DACVIM (SAIM)
University of Florida
Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals , Diseases of the Rectum and Anus , Digestive System Introduction

Maricarmen Garcia, PhD
University of Georgia
Infectious Laryngotracheitis

Tam Garland, DVM, PhD, DABVT
Garland, Bailey and Assoc
Gossypol Poisoning , Arsenic Poisoning

Jack M. Gaskin, DVM, PhD, DACVM
Department of Infectious Disease and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Encephalomyocarditis Virus Infection

Kirk N. Gelatt, VMD, DACVO
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Neoplasia of the Eye and Associated Structures , Ophthalmic Emergencies , Ophthalmology , Emergencies , Eye Disorders of Horses , Eye Disorders of Dogs , Eye Disorders of Cats

Richard W. Gerhold, Jr., DVM, PhD
Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
Cryptosporidiosis , Coccidiosis , Trichomonosis , Helminths of the Skin

Paul Gibbs, BVSc, PhD, FRCVS
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Pox Diseases , Skin Disorders of Cats

Thomas W. G. Gibson, BSc, BEd, DVM, DVSc, DACVSMR
Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

Robert O. Gilbert, BVSc, MMedVet, DACT, MRCVS
Reproductive Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Vaginal and Cervical Prolapse , Metritis in Large Animals , Vulvitis and Vaginitis in Large Animals , Retained Fetal Membranes in Large Animals , Uterine Prolapse and Eversion , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Reproductive System , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

Sabine Gilch, PhD
University of Calgary
Chronic Wasting Disease

Eric Gonder, DVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
Butterball LLC
Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry

Sonya G. Gordon, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM (Cardiology)
Texas A&M University
Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System

Louis Norman Gotthelf, DVM
Animal Hospital of Montgomery; Montgomery Pet Skin and Ear Clinic, Montgomery, AL
Tumors of the Ear Canal and Middle Ear

Marcelo Gottschalk, DVM, PhD
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Montreal
Streptococcal Infections in Pigs

Gregory F. Grauer, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
Ethylene Glycol Toxicity , Poisoning

Deborah S. Greco, DVM, PhD, DACVIM-SAIM
Nestle Purina PetCare
The Pituitary Gland , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

Craig E. Greene, DVM, MS
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

Paul R. Greenough, FRCVS
Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
Lameness in Cattle

Tara L. Grinnage-Pulley, DVM, PhD
Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa
Blood Parasites

Walter Grünberg, DrMedVet, MS, PhD, DECAR, DECBHM
University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation
Dystrophies Associated with Calcium, Phosphorus, and Vitamin D , Salmonellosis , Colisepticemia , Hepatic Lipidosis , Intestinal Diseases in Ruminants , Disorders of Phosphorus Metabolism

Jorge Guerrero, DVM, PhD, DEVPC (Ret)
Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

P. K. Gupta, PhD, Post Doc (USA), PGDCA, MSc VM & AH BVSc, FNA VSc, FASc, AW, FST, FAEB, FACVT (USA), Gold Medalist
Toxicology Consulting Services|Society of Toxicology of India
Pentachlorophenol Poisoning , Herbicide Poisoning

Ramesh C. Gupta, DVM, MVSc, PhD, DABT, FACT, FACN, FATS
Toxicology Department, Breathitt Veterinary Center, Murray State University
Insecticide and Acaricide (Organic) Toxicity

James S. Guy, DVM, PhD
College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Viral Encephalitides , Turkey Viral Hepatitis , Viral Enteritis

Sharon M. Gwaltney-Brant, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT
University of Illinois
Toad Poisoning , Food Hazards , Household Hazards , Snakebite , Poisoning

Carlton L. Gyles, DVM, PhD
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Edema Disease , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Caroline N. Hahn, DVM, MSc, PhD
Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh
Dysautonomia , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Edward J. Hall, MA, VetMB, PhD, DECVIM-CA
Langford Vets, Bristol Veterinary School
Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

Jean A. Hall, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

Jeffery O. Hall, DVM, PhD, DABVT
Utah State University
Selenium Toxicosis

Farouk M. Hamdy, DVM, MSc, PhD, MPA (Deceased)
Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Larry G. Hansen, PhD
University of Illinois
Poisoning

Kayla R. Hanson, DVM, DACVECC, CWPV
LakeShore Veterinary Specialists
Emergency Medicine Introduction

Russell R. Hanson, DVM, DACVS, DACVECC
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Musculoskeletal System , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
Veterinary Surgical Specialists, Spokane, WA
Lameness in Small Animals , Arthropathies and Related Disorders in Small Animals , Osteopathies in Small Animals , Myopathies in Small Animals , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs

Billy M. Hargis, DVM, PhD
JKS Poultry Health Research Laboratory, University of Arkansas|Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas
Necrotic Enteritis , Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Spontaneous Cardiomyopathy of Turkeys

Kenneth R. Harkin, DVM, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

D. L. Hank Harris, DVM, PhD
Department of Animal Science, Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University
Intestinal Diseases in Pigs

Lynette A. Hart, PhD
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
The Human-Animal Bond , Health and the Human-Animal Bond

Rüdiger Hauck, DVM, PhD
Auburn University
Helminthiasis

Joe Hauptman, DVM, MS, DACVS
Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Michigan State University
Diaphragmatic Hernia , Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

Jan F. Hawkins, DVM, DACVS
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
Pharyngitis , Diseases of the Esophagus in Large Animals , Diseases of the Mouth in Large Animals , Pharyngeal Paralysis

William W. Hawkins, BS, DVM
Skin Disorders of Dogs

Marcus J. Head, BVetMed
Rossdales Equine Hospital and Diagnostic Centre
Lameness in Horses

J. Jill Heatley, DVM, MS, DACZM, DABVP (Avian)
Texas A&M University
Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

Nicole A. Heinrich, DVM, DACVD
McKeever Dermatology Clinics
Seborrhea , Nasal Dermatoses of Dogs , Urticaria

Peter W. Hellyer, DVM, MS, DACVA
College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Pain Management

Charles M. Hendrix, DVM, PhD
Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
CNS Diseases Caused by Helminths and Arthropods , Venomous Arthropods , Travel with Pets , Flies , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Thomas H. Herdt, DVM, MS, DACVN, DACVIM
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences and Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health, Michigan State University
Nutrition: Dairy Cattle , Ketosis in Cattle

Laurie Hess, DVM, DABVP
Veterinary Center for Birds & Exotics, Bedford Hills, NY
Sugar Gliders

Michael Hess, DMV
University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Avian Spirochetosis

Hugh Hildebrandt, DVM
Medford Veterinary Clinic
Mink

Delores E. Hill, PhD
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

W. Mark Hilton, DVM, DABVP
Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
Health-Management Interaction: Beef Cattle , Nutrition: Beef Cattle

Katrin Hinrichs, DVM, PhD
University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine
Cloning of Domestic Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

Frederic J. Hoerr, DVM, PhD
Veterinary Diagnostic Pathology, LLC
Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Aspergillosis , Mycotoxicoses

Steven R. Hollingsworth, DVM, DACVO
Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
Eye Disorders of Horses

Peter H. Holmes, BVMS, PhD, Dr HC, FRCVS, FRSE, OBE
University of Glasgow
Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

Timothy N. Holt, DVM
Clinical Sciences, Livestock Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Bovine High-mountain Disease

Sharman M. Hoppes, DVM, ABVP (Avian)
Texas A and M University
Pet Birds , Disorders and Diseases of Birds

Johnny D. Hoskins, DVM, PhD
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Michael J. Huerkamp, DVM, DACLAM
Division of Animal Resources, Emory University|Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University
Laboratory  Animals

Martin E. Hugh-Jones, VetMB, MPH, PhD, MRCVS
School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
Anthrax , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Staci Hutsell, DVM
University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
Feline Infectious Peritonitis

Basil O. Ikede, BVetMed, DVM, PhD, FCVSN
Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island
Bovine Petechial Fever

Walter Ingwersen, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
Companion Animals, Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd, Vetmedica
Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

Charles J. Issel, DVM, PhD
University of Kentucky
Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Peter G. G. Jackson, MA, BVM&S, DVM&S, FRCVS
University of Cambridge
Prolonged Gestation in Cattle and Sheep

Daral J. Jackwood, PhD
The Ohio State University
Infectious Bursal Disease

Mark W. Jackwood, MS, PhD
Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Bordetellosis , Infectious Bronchitis

Nemi C. Jain, MVSc, PhD
School of Veterinary Medicine. University of California
Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

Eugene D. Janzen, DVM, MVS
University of Calgary
Histophilosis , Lightning Stroke and Electrocution , Trichomoniasis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Leo B. Jeffcott, MA, BVM, PhD, FRCVS, DVSc, VD
University of Sydney
Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Cheri A. Johnson, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Small Animal)
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University
Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

Cia L. Johnson, DVM, MS, MSc
American Veterinary Medical Association
Euthanasia

LaRue W. Johnson, DVM, PhD
Colorado State University
Llamas and Alpacas

Richard C. Jones, BSc, PhD, DSc, FRCPath
School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool
Viral Arthritis , Malabsorption Syndrome

Wayne K. Jorgensen, BSc, PhD
Agri-Science Queensland
Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

Maureen H. Kemp, BVMS, MVM, PhD, DCHP, MRCVS
Wern Veterinary Surgeons, Wales, UK
Laryngeal Disorders

Robert J. Kemppainen, DVM, PhD
Department of Anatomy, Physiology & Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
Endocrine System Introduction , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

Allison Kendall, DVM, MS, DACVIM
North Carolina State University
Anemia

Morag G. Kerr, BVMS, BSc, PhD, Cbiol, FIBiol, MRCVS
Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

Safdar A. Khan, DVM, MS, PhD, DABVT
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, Urbana, Illinois
Strychnine Poisoning , Rodenticide Poisoning , Toxicities from Human Drugs , Poisoning

Rebecca Kirby, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
Animal Emergency Center
Emergencies

Peter D. Kirkland, BVSc, PhD
Virology Laboratory, Elizabeth Macarthur Agriculture Institute
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

Mark D. Kittleson, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Cardiology)
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
Heart Disease and Heart Failure

Kirk C. Klasing, BS, MS, PhD
Department of Animal Science, University of California
Nutrition and Management: Poultry

Thomas R. Klei, PhD
School of Veterinary Medicine and Louisiana Agriculture Experiment Station, Louisiana State University
Gastrointestinal Parasites of Horses , Helminths of the Skin , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Eyal Klement, DVM, MSc
The Hebrew University
Bovine Ephemeral Fever

Roger J. Klingenberg, DVM
Reptiles

Nick J. Knowles, MPhil
The Pirbright Institute
Teschovirus Encephalomyelitis

Svend E. Kold, DMV, MRCVS, RCVS Specialist in Equine Surgery (Orthopedics)
Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Alexandre Kreiss, BVSc, PhD
Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania
Tasmanian Devils

Janice E. Kritchevsky, VMD, MS, DACVIM
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
Equine Metabolic Syndrome , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

Michelle Kromm, DVM, MPH, MAM, DACPV
Jennie-O Turkey Store
Aspergillosis

Thomas G. Ksiazek, DVM, PhD
Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever , Nipah Virus Infection

Ned F. Kuehn, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Michigan Veterinary Specialists
Respiratory Diseases of Small Animals , Respiratory System Introduction , Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

Mahesh C. Kumar, BVSc, MS, PhD, DACPV
Poultry Health & Food Safety
Dissecting Aneurysm in Turkeys

Nina Yu-Hsin Kung, PhD, MSc, BVSc, BVM
Biosecurity Queensland
Hendra Virus Infection

Michelle Kutzler, DVM, MBA, PhD, DACT
Oregon State University
Prostatic Diseases , Mammary Tumors , Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor

Gary M. Landsberg, BSc, DVM, MRCVS, DACVB, DECAWBM
North Toronto Veterinary Behaviour Specialty Clinic
Behavioral Medicine Introduction , Normal Social Behavior and Behavioral Problems of Domestic Animals , Behavior of Dogs , Behavior of Cats , Behavior of Horses

Thomas J. Lane, BS, DVM
University of Florida, Large Animal Clinical Sciences
Health-Management Interaction: Horses

Garrick C. M. Latch, MASc, PhD
Poisoning

Jimmy C. Lattimer, DVM, MS, DACVR, DACVRO
Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of Missouri
Diagnostic Imaging , Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Radiation Therapy

D. Bruce Lawhorn, DVM, MS
Potbellied Pigs , Potbellied Pigs

Andrea S. Lear, DVM, DACVIM, MS, PhD
University of Tennessee
Bluetongue , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Sporadic Bovine Encephalomyelitis , Malignant Catarrhal Fever

Margie D. Lee, DVM, PhD
VA MD College of Veterinary Medicine
Avian Campylobacter Infection

Steven Leeson, PhD
University of Guelph
Nutrition and Management: Poultry , Fatty Liver Hemorrhagic Syndrome

Michael L. Levin, PhD
Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Ticks

Julie K. Levy, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine|Maddie’s Shelter Medicine Program
Feline Leukemia Virus and Related Diseases , Feline Infectious Peritonitis

Michel Lévy, DVM
University of Calgary
Polioencephalomalacia

Alicja E. Tabor, BSc (Hons), PhD
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation, The University of Queensland
Enteric Campylobacteriosis , Blood Parasites

David H. Ley, DVM, PhD
Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Mycoplasmosis

Teresa L. Lightfoot, DVM, DABVP (Avian)
Avian and Exotics Department, Florida Veterinary Specialists
Routine Care and Breeding of Birds , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Pet Bird , Disorders and Diseases of Birds

Megan Lighty, DVM, PhD, DACPV
Penn State University
Aspergillosis

HuiChu Lin, DVM, MS, DACVAA
Auburn University
Malignant Hyperthermia

Dana Lindemann, DVM
Department of Clinical Sciences, Kansas State University
Hedgehogs

Scott Line, DVM, PhD, DACVB
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

Andrew Linklater, DVM, DACVECC
Lakeshore Veterinary Specialists, Glendale, Wisconsin
Emergency Medicine Introduction , Evaluation and Initial Treatment of the Emergency Patient , Specific Diagnostics and Therapy , Fluid Therapy , Monitoring the Critically Ill Animal

John E. Lloyd, BS, PhD
University of Wyoming
Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Jeanne Lofstedt, BVSc, MS, DACVIM (Large Animal)
Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island
Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis

Maureen T. Long, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Meningitis, Encephalitis, and Encephalomyelitis , Equine Arboviral Encephalomyelitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

Michael R. Loomis, DVM, MA, DACZM
North Carolina Zoological Park
Zoo Animals

Ingrid Lorenz, PhD, DMV, DMVH, DECBHM
Bavarian Animal Health Service
Diseases of the Ruminant Forestomach

Bertrand J. Losson, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege
Skin Disorders of Horses

Jodie Low Choy, BVSc, BVMS, IVAS Cert
Menzies School of Health Research; University Avenue Veterinary Hospital, Northern Territory, Australia
Melioidosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Katharine F. Lunn, BVMS, MS, PhD, MRCVS, DACVIM
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Leptospirosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Fever of Unknown Origin

Katharine F. Lunn, BVMS, MS, PhD, MRCVS, DACVIM
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Leptospirosis , Fever of Unknown Origin , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Robert J. MacKay, BVSc, PhD
Large Animal Medicine, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

Charles Mackenzie, BVSc, PhD, ACVM, AO
Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, Michigan State University
Besnoitiosis

Kenneth S. Macklin, PhD
Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University
Helminthiasis

Dennis W. Macy, MS, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences,Colorado State University
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

John E. Madigan, DVM, MS
Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Digestive Disorders of Horses

John B. Malone, DVM, PhD
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

Richard A. Mansmann, VMD, PhD, Hon DACVIM (Large Animal)
North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine
Prepurchase Examination of Horses

Steven L. Marks, BVSc, MS, MRCVS, DACVIM (SAIM)
North Carolina State College of Veterinary Medicine
Health-Management Interaction: Small Animals , Anemia , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

Bret D. Marsh, DVM
Indiana State Board of Animal Health
Prepurchase Examination of Ruminants and Swine

Arata Matsuyama, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology)
University of Guelph
Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

Joerg Mayer, DMV, MSc, DABVP (ECM), DECZM (Small mammal)
The University of Georgia
Rabbits

Milton M. McAllister, DVM, PhD, DACVP
School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide
Neosporosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Dudley L. McCaw, DVM, DACVIM (Small Animal, Oncology)
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

Diane McClure, DVM, PhD, DACLAM
Animal Resource Center Veterinary Services
Rabbits

Brian J. McCluskey, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVPM
National Surveillance Unit APHIS
Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

C. Wayne McIlwraith, BVSc, PhD, DSc, FRCVS, DACVS, DACVSMR
College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Arthropathies in Large Animals , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Thomas St. C. McKenna, DVM, PhD
USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services
African Horse Sickness

Maureen McMichael, DVM, MEd, DACVECC
University of Illinois
Pulmonary Emphysema , Fungal Pneumonia

Jennifer H. McQuiston, DVM, MS
Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Rickettsial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Gavin L. Meerdink, DVM, DABVT
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
Poisoning

Mushtaq A. Memon, BVSc, PhD, DACT
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University
Reproductive Diseases of the Female Small Animal , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

Paula I. Menzies, DVM, MPVM, DECS-RHM
Ruminant Health Management Group, Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Posthitis and Vulvitis in Sheep and Goats , Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Hepatic Lipidosis , Management of Reproduction: Sheep

Sandra R. Merchant, DVM, DACVD
School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
Dermatophytosis

Joanne B. Messick, VMD, PhD, DACVP
Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine
Blood Parasites

Samia A. Metwally, DVM, PhD
AGAH, AGA Division, Foog and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Nairobi Sheep Disease

Bernard Mignon, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, University of Liège
Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs

Patti J. Miller, DVM, PhD
USDA/Agricultural Research Service
Newcastle Disease and Other Paramyxovirus Infections

Maureen H. Milne, BVMS, MVM, DCHP, MRCVS
Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

Kelly D. Mitchell, BSc, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
Toronto Veterinary Emergency Clinic
Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

Harry W. Momont, DVM, PhD, DACT
Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Reproductive System Introduction

Donald R. Monke, DVM, MBA
Production Operations, Select Sires, Inc., Plain City, Ohio
Seminal Vesiculitis in Bulls

Dale A. Moore, MS, DVM, MPVM, PhD
University of California-Davis
Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

James N. Moore, DVM, PhD
Department of Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Colic in Horses , Digestive Disorders of Horses

Lisa E. Moore, DVM, DACVIM
Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Gastón A. Moré, MV, DVM
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)
Sarcocystosis

Karen A. Moriello, DVM, DACVD
Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Pyoderma , Integumentary System Introduction , Acanthosis Nigricans , Interdigital Furunculosis , Cuterebra Infestation in Dogs and Cats , Otitis Media and Interna , Dermatophilosis , Otitis Externa , Atopic Dermatitis , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Integumentary System , Hygroma , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Horses , Eosinophilic Inflammatory Skin Diseases , Dermatophytosis

Teresa Y. Morishita, DVM, MPVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
Western University of Health Sciences
Enterococcosis , Streptococcosis

James K. Morrisey, DVM, DABVP (Avian)
Companion Exotic Animal Medicine Service, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Ferrets , Ferrets

W. Ivan Morrison, PhD, BVMS
The Roslin Institute, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh
Blood Parasites

Derek A. Mosier, DVM, PhD, DACVP
Kansas State University
Hemorrhagic Septicemia

Karen R. Munana, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Neurology)
College of Veterinary Medicine,North Carolina State University
Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Amelia S. Munsterman, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVS, DACVECC, CVA
University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine
Fatigue and Exercise in Animals , Equine Emergency Medicine

Lisa A. Murphy, VMD
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center
Poisoning

Michael J. Murray, DVM, MS
Merial Limited
Digestive Disorders of Horses

Jeffrey Musser, DVM, PhD
Texas A&M University
Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

Sofie Muylle, DVM, PhD
Department of Morphology, Ghent University
Dental Development , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

Dusty W. Nagy, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM
Texas A&M University
Bovine Leukosis

T. Mark Neer, DVM, DACVIM
Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University
Motion Sickness , Demyelinating Disorders , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Cats

Robin A. J. Nicholas, MSc, PhD, FRCPath
Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom
Contagious Agalactia

Jenny Nicholds, DVM, MAM, DACPV
University of Georgia
Viral Arthritis

Paul Nicoletti, DVM, MS, DACVPM (Deceased)
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Brucellosis in Dogs , Brucellosis in Large Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs

Michelle Nic Raghnaill, PhD
National Academy of Science, Canberra, Australia
Pharmacology Introduction

Martin K. Nielsen, DVM, PhD, DACVM
University of Kentucky
Gastrointestinal Parasites of Horses

Jerome C. Nietfield, DVM, PhD, DACVP
Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
Reproductive Disorders of Horses

Joeke Nijboer, PhD
Nijboer Consultancy
Nutrition: Exotic and Zoo Animals

Donald L. Noah, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
Lincoln Memorial University
Public Health Primer

Lisa K. Nolan, DVM, PhD
University of Georgia
Colibacillosis

Amir H. Noormohammadi, DVM, PhD
The University of Melbourne
Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome , Viral Enteritis

Frederick W. Oehme, DVM, PhD
Pathobiology, Medicine and Physiology, Comparative Toxicology Laboratories, Kansas State University
Poisoning

Kenneth Opengart, MS, DVM, PhD, DACPV
Keystone Foods
Gangrenous Dermatitis

Tanja Opriessnig, DMV, PhD
The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK; Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Infection

Stephanie R. Ostrowski, DVM, MPVM, DACVPM
Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
Public Health Primer

Gary D. Osweiler, DVM, MS, PhD
Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
Mycotoxicoses , Petroleum Product Poisoning , Coal-Tar Products Poisoning , Poisoning

Raul E. Otalora, DVM
Quail International, Inc.
Ulcerative Enteritis

Chris Oura, MSc, PhD
School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies
African Swine Fever

Karen L. Overall, MA, VMD, PhD, DACVB, ABS Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist
University of Pennsylvania
Behavior of Dogs , Behavior of Cats , Behavior of Horses

Rebecca A. Packer, MS, DVM, DACVIM (Neurology)
College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Nervous System

Sheldon Padgett, DVM, MS, DACVS
Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Terri Parrott, DVM
St. Charles Veterinary Hospital
Nonhuman Primates

Emily G. Patterson-Kane, PhD
American Veterinary Medical Association
Euthanasia

Sharon Patton, MS, PhD
Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
Amebiasis , Giardiasis (Giardia) , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Susan L. Payne, PhD
Texas A&M University
Vaccines and Immunotherapy , Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

Lisa K. Pearson, DVM, MS, PhD, DACT
Washington State University
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Digestive System

Angela Pelzel-McCluskey, DVM, MS
USDA APHIS VS Western Region
Vesicular Stomatitis

Maurice B. Pensaert, DVM, MS, PhD
University of Ghent
Porcine Hemagglutinating Encephalomyelitis

Andrew S. Peregrine, BVMS, PhD, DVM, DEVPC, DACVM
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Gastrointestinal Parasites of Small Animals , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Donald Peter, DVM, MS, DACT
Frontier Genetics, Hermiston, OR
Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis , Equine Coital Exanthema , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

Christine Petersen, DVM, PhD
University of Iowa
Blood Parasites , Leishmaniosis

Mark E. Peterson, DVM, DACVIM
Animal Endocrine Clinic|New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
The Thyroid Gland , The Parathyroid Glands and Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

Barbara D. Petty, DVM
North Florida Aquatic Veterinary Services
Aquarium Fishes , Fish

James R. Philips, PhD
Math/Science Division, Babson College
Ectoparasites , Air Sac Mite

Kursten V. Pierce, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
Colorado State University
Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Cardiovascular System Introduction

Carlos R. F. Pinto, MedVet, PhD, DACT
Theriogenology Section, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisisana State University
Embryo Transfer in Farm Animals

Paul J. Plummer, DVM, PhD, DACVIM(LA), DECSRHM
Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
Coxiellosis

Robert E. Porter, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
Hemorrhagic Vasculopathy of Turkeys , Poisonings

Karen W. Post, DVM, MS, DACVM
North Carolina Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory System, Consumer Services, Rollins Animal Disease, Diagnostic Laboratory
Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory

Cherie M. Pucheu-Haston, DVM, PhD, DACVD
Louisiana State University
Food Allergy

David G. Pugh, DVM, MS
Auburn University
Nutrition: Sheep , Nutrition: Goats

Katherine E. Quesenberry, DVM, MPH, DABVP (Avian)
Rats , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

Otto M. Radostits, CM, DVM, MSc, DACVIM (Deceased)
Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Sarah L. Ralston, VMD, PhD, DACVN
Department of Animal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University
Nutrition: Horses

John F. Randolph, DVM, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Erythrocytosis and Polycythemia

Silke Rautenschlein, DVM, PhD
University of Veterinary Medicine-Hannover
Avian Metapneumovirus

Willie M. Reed, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
Turkey Viral Hepatitis , Quail Bronchitis

Philip T. Reeves, BVSc (Hons), PhD, FANZCVS
Veterinary Medicines and Nanotechnology, Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
Pharmacology Introduction , Drugs and Vaccines

Karen B. Register, PhD
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Bordetellosis

Mason V. Reichard, PhD
Oklahoma State University
Cattle Grubs , Mange

Hugh W. Reid, MBE, BVM&S, DTVM, PhD, MRCVS
Moredun Research Institute
Louping Ill

Douglas J. Reinemann, PhD
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Stray Voltage in Animal Housing

Christopher D. Reinhardt, BS, MS, PhD
Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University
Growth Promotants and Production Enhancers

Petra Reinhold, DVM, PhD
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health
Chlamydiosis

Alexander M. Reiter, DT, DMV, DAVDC, DEVDC
University of Pennsylvania
Diseases of the Mouth in Small Animals , Dentistry

Márcio Garcio Ribeiro, DVM, PhD
São Paulo State University - UNESP
Nocardiosis , Rhodococcosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Franklin Riet-Correa, PhD
Veterinary Hospital, Federal University of Campina Grande
Cattle Grubs

Yasuko Rikihisa, PhD
Ohio State University
Rickettsial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Guillermo R. Risatti, MV, MS, PhD
University of Connecticut
Classical Swine Fever

Ase Risberg, VMD
Large Animal Internal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses

Narda G. Robinson, DO, DVM, MS
Curacore Vet
Complementary and Alternative Veterinary Medicine

Kursten V. Roderick, DVM
Tufts University
Cardiovascular System Introduction , Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats

Camille Roesch, PhD
Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, Symonston, Australia
Pharmacology Introduction

Barton W. Rohrbach, VMD, MPH, DACVPM
Department of Comparative Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Tennessee
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Peter Rolls, BVSc, MVS
Biosecurity Queensland
Blood Parasites

Juan E. Romano, DVM, MS, PhD, DACT
College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
Hormonal Control of Estrus

A. Gregorio Rosales, DVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
Aviagen Inc.
Disorders of the Reproductive System

Michele R. Rosenbaum, VMD, DACVD
Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats

Wayne Rosenkrantz, DVM, DACVD
Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Robert C. Rosenthal, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Small Animal, Oncology), DACVR (Radiation Oncology)
Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

Stanley I. Rubin, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Diseases of the Rectum and Anus , Digestive System Introduction , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

Pamela L. Ruegg, DVM, MPVM
Department of Dairy Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Udder Diseases

Charles E. Rupprecht, VMD, MS, PhD
LYSSA LLC
Rabies , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Bonnie R. Rush, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Equine Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
Respiratory Diseases of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

H. Carolien Rutgers, DVM, MS, DACVIM, DECVIM-CA, DSAM, MRCVS
The Royal Veterinary College, University of London
Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Jeremiah T. Saliki, DVM, PhD, DACVM
University of Georgia
Peste des Petits Ruminants , Rinderpest

Jean E. Sander, DVM, MAM, DACPV
Zoetis
Candidiasis , Disposal of Carcasses and Disinfection of Premises , Omphalitis , Malabsorption Syndrome , Fowl Cholera , Sudden Death Syndrome of Broiler Chickens

Sherry Lynn Sanderson, BS, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Nutrition: Small Animals , Urinary System Introduction , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

Yuko Sato, DVM, MS, DACPV
Iowa State University
Backyard Poultry , Staphylococcosis , Backyard Chickens

Ashley B. Saunders, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
Texas A & M University
Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System

Donald C. Sawyer, DVM, PhD
Michigan State University
Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

Charles M. Scanlan, DVM, PhD
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University
Meat Inspection

Karel A. Schat, DVM, PhD
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Chicken Anemia Virus Infection

Mary M. Schell, DVM, DABVT, DABT
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, Urbana, Illinois
Rodenticide Poisoning , Poisoning

David G. Schmitz, DVM, MS, DACVIM (LA)
Department of Veterinary Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
Cantharidin Poisoning , Poisoning

Norman R. Schneider, DVM, MSc, DABVT
University of Nebraska
Poisoning

Thomas Schubert, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP
Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
Facial Paralysis , Limb Paralysis , Nervous System Introduction , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

Kevin T. Schultz, DVM, PhD
Merial Limited
Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

James Schumacher, DVM, MS
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
Lameness in Horses

John Schumacher, DVM, MS
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
Lameness in Horses

Maya M. Scott, BS, DVM
College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
Drugs and Vaccines

Philip R. Scott, BVM&S, MPhil, DVM&S, DSHP, DECBHM, FHEA, FRCVS
University of Edinburgh
Respiratory Diseases of Sheep and Goats , Ulcerative Dermatosis of Sheep , Listeriosis , Aspiration Pneumonia , Fungal Pneumonia , Contagious Ecthyma

Joaquim Segalés, DVM, PhD, DECVP, DECPHM
Departament de Sanitat i d’ Anatomia Animals and Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animals (CReSA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Porcine Circovirus Diseases , Glasser’s Disease

Brad E. Seguin, DVM, MS, PhD DACT
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

Holly S. Sellers, MS, PhD
University of Georgia
Viral Arthritis

Susan D. Semrad, VMD, PhD, DACVIM
Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
Digestive Disorders of Horses

Patricia L. Sertich, MS, VMD, DACT
New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Management of Reproduction: Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

Torsten Seuberlich, DMV
NeuroCentre, National and OIE Reference Laboratories for BSE and Scrapie, DCR-VPH
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

A. S. Shakespeare, BSc (Eng)(Natal), BVSc (hons) (Pret), MMedVet (Med)(Pret)
University of Pretoria
Heartwater

Linda Shell, DVM, DACVIM-Neurology
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine
Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Nervous System

Clifford F. Shipley, DVM, DACT
University of Illinois
Management of Reproduction: Goats

Michael Shipstone, BVSc, FACVSc, DACVD
University of Queensland
Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Integumentary System

H. L. Shivaprasad, BVSc, MS, PhD, DACPV
California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System-Tulare, University of California-Davis
Hemorrhagic Enteritis/Marble Spleen Disease

Wayne Simpson, MSc (Microbiology), BHort Sc, DipHort
Endophyte Mycology, Forage Improvement Section, AgResearch Limited
Ryegrass Toxicity

Annette N. Smith, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine
Neoplasia of the Nervous System , Paraneoplastic Disorders of the Nervous System

Geof W. Smith, DVM, PhD
Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Actinomycosis , Actinobacillosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Joan A. Smyth, PhD, MVB
Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut
Egg Drop Syndrome '76

Victoria Smyth, PhD
Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI)
Avian Nephritis Viral Infections , Viral Enteritis

J. Glenn Songer, PhD
University of Arizona
Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Arthur M. Spickett, BSc (Hons) Zoology
ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, South Africa
Sweating Sickness

Anna Rovid Spickler, DVM, PhD
Center for Food Security and Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
Zoonoses , Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

Sharon J. Spier, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
Professor Emeritus, University of California, Davis
Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

Richard A. Squires, BVSc (Hons), PhD
James Cook University
Feline Panleukopenia , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

Manuals Staff,
Multimedia , Infections , Cancer and Tumors , Routine Care and Breeding of Birds , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Pet Bird , Travel with Pets , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Horses , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Henry R. Stämpfli, DVM, DrMedVet, DACVIM
Large Animal Medicine, Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Clostridial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Jonathan Statham, MA, VetMB, DCHP, MRCVS
Bishopton Veterinary Group|RAFT Solutions Ltd
Cystic Ovary Disease , Management of Reproduction: Cattle

James H. Steele, DVM, MPH
School of Public Health, University of Texas
Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

Bryan L. Stegelmeier, DVM, PhD, DACVP
USDA-ARS
Bracken Fern Poisoning , Sweet Clover Poisoning

Jörg M. Steiner, DMV, PhD, DACVIM, DECVIM-CA, AGAF
Texas A & M University
Drugs and Vaccines , The Exocrine Pancreas , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Allison J. Stewart, BVSC (Hons), MS, DACVIM-LA, DACVECC
The University of Queensland
Disorders of Magnesium Metabolism , Intestinal Diseases in Horses and Foals

Bruce Stewart-Brown, DVM, DACPV
Perdue Farms
Nutrition and Management: Poultry

Jamie Lynn Stewart, DVM, MS, PhD
Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine
Management of Reproduction: Goats

Roger W. Stich, MS, PhD
University of Missouri
Ectoparasiticides

David Stiller, MS, PhD
University of Idaho
Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Roger W. Stitch, MS, PhD
University of Missouri
Ectoparasiticides

Michael K. Stoskopf, DVM, PhD, DACZM
College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Marine Mammals

Simone T. Stoute, DVM, PhD, DACPV
University of California, Davis
Duck Viral Hepatitis

George M. Strain, PhD
Comparative Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
Deafness

Reinhard K. Straubinger, DrMedVetHabil, PhD
Institute for Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, LMU
Lyme Borreliosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Bert E. Stromberg, PhD
Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Trichinellosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

David E. Swayne, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
USDA-ARS, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
Newcastle Disease and Other Paramyxovirus Infections , Avian Influenza

Thomas W. Swerczek, DVM, PhD
Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky
Tyzzer Disease , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

Jane E. Sykes, BVSc (Hons), PhD, DACVIM
Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
Chlamydial Conjunctivitis

Joseph Taboada, DVM, DACVIM
Office of Student and Academic Affairs, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
Fungal Infections , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Patricia A. Talcott, MS, DVM, PhD, DABVT
University of Idaho
Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Justin Tank, DVM, MBA
Select Sires, Inc
Seminal Vesiculitis in Bulls

Jaime L. Tarigo, DVM, PhD, DACVP
University of Georgia
Blood Parasites

Marcel Taverne, PhD
Utrecht University
Pseudopregnancy in Goats

Stuart M. Taylor, PhD, BVMS, MRCVS, DECVP
Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

Charles O. Thoen, DVM, PhD
Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis and other Mycobacterial Infections , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Jennifer E. Thomas, DVM
Oklahoma State University
Lice , Mange

William B. Thomas, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Neurology)
Neurology and Neurosurgery, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee
Diseases of the Spinal Column and Cord , Diseases of the Peripheral Nerves and Neuromuscular Junction , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Sara M. Thomasy, DVM, PhD, DACVO
Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
Equine Recurrent Uveitis , Ophthalmic Emergencies

Larry J. Thompson, DVM, PhD, DABVT
Veterinary Toxicologist
Salt Toxicity , Nonprotein Nitrogen Poisoning , Nitrate and Nitrite Poisoning

Peter N. Thompson, BVSc, MMedVet, PhD
University of Pretoria
Rift Valley Fever , Wesselsbron Disease

Ahmed Tibary, DMV, PhD, DACT
Washington State University
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Reproductive System , Abortion in Large Animals

John F. Timoney, MVB, DSc, PhD, MRCVS
University of Kentucky
Glanders , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Peter J. Timoney, PhD, FRCVS
Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky
Equine Viral Arteritis , Equine Infectious Anemia , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

Ian Tizard, BVMS, PhD, DACVM
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University
Immunologic Diseases , Drugs and Vaccines , Amyloidosis , Vaccines and Immunotherapy , The Biology of the Immune System , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

Susan J. Tornquist, DVM, PhD, DACVP
College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

Sheila M. F. Torres, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVD
Dermatology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
Diseases of the Pinna

Jerry L. Torrison, DVM, PhD, DACVPM
University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine
Lameness in Pigs

Sandra P. Tou, DVM, DACVIM
North Carolina State University
Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Cardiovascular System

Josie L. Traub-Dargatz, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Vesicular Stomatitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Digestive Disorders of Horses

Paula Tregaskis, BSc
Agri-food and Biosciences Institute
Viral Enteritis

Robert Tremblay, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd
Management and Nutrition Introduction

Deoki N. Tripathy, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVM, DACPV
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
Fowlpox

James Trudgett, CHE Science and Management
Agri-food and Biosciences Institute
Viral Enteritis

Thomas N. Tully, Jr., BS, DVM, MS, DABVP (Avian), DECZM (Avian)
Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine
Ratites

Tracy A. Turner, DVM, MS
Turner Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery
Lameness in Horses , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Wendy E. Vaala, VMD, DACVIM
MSD Animal Health
Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

Stephanie J. Valberg, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, ACVSMR
McPhail Equine Performance Center, Michigan State University
Myopathies in Horses , Myopathies in Ruminants and Pigs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Vicky L. van Santen, PhD
College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
Chicken Anemia Virus Infection

John F. Van Vleet, DVM, PhD
School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

Arnaud J. Van Wettere, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVP
Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, Utah State University
Myopathies , Avian Chlamydiosis , Disorders of the Skeletal System in Poultry , Bloodborne Organisms

Jozef Vercruysse, DVM
Ghent University
Drugs and Vaccines , Blood Parasites , Anthelmintics

Alice E. Villalobos, DVM, DPNAP
Society for Veterinary Medical Ethics|Pawspice
Tumors of the Skin and Soft Tissues , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Pedro Villegas, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVM, DACPV
Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Poultry Diagnostic & Research Center, University of Georgia
Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome

Patricia S. Wakenell, DVM, PhD, DACVP
Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine
Erysipelas , Backyard Poultry

Cheryl L. Waldner, DVM, PhD
University of Saskatchewan
Poisoning

Peter J. Walker, BSc, PhD, DSc
CSIRO Biosecurity, Australian Animal Health Laboratory
Bovine Ephemeral Fever

Michelle Wall, DVM, DACVIM
Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

Melissa S. Wallace, DVM, DACVIM
MedVet Medical and Cancer Center for Pets, Worthington, Ohio
Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

Patricia Walters, VMD, DACVIM, DACVECC
New England Animal Medical Center
Diseases of the Esophagus in Small Animals

David J. Waltisbuhl, BASc, MSc
Yeerongpilly Veterinary Laboratory
Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

Stephen C. Waring, DVM, PhD
School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center|School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center
Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

Kevin Washburn, DVM
Texas A&M University
Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis

Craig B. Webb, PhD, DVM, DACVIM
Department of Clinical Sciences, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Colorado State University
Vomiting

Nick Whelan, BVSc, MVSc, MACVSc, DACVCP, DACVO
Animal Eye Clinic of Waterloo Region, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada
Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Eye

Brent R. Whitaker, MS, DVM
University of Maryland, Institute of Marine and Environmental Technology|ZooQuatic Laboratory
Amphibians , Amphibians

Trevor J. Whitbread, BSc, BVSc, MRCVS, DECVP
Abbey Veterinary Services
Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory

Patricia D. White, DVM, MS, DACVD
Skin Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Horses

Stephen D. White, DVM, DACVD
University of California, Davis
Urticaria , Saddle Sores , Miscellaneous Systemic Dermatoses , Food Allergy , Nasal Dermatoses of Dogs , Seborrhea , Eosinophilic Inflammatory Skin Diseases , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

Susan L. White, DVM, MS, DACVIM
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

Chris Whitton, BVSc, FANZCVS, PhD
Equine Centre, University of Melbourne
Lameness in Horses

Mark L. Wickstrom, DVM, MS, PhD
Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
Antiseptics and Disinfectants

Pamela Anne Wilkins, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM-LA, DACVECC
Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
Emergencies

Kevin P. Winkler, DVM
Blue Pearl Veterinary Partners
Wound Management

Thomas Wittek, Univ.Prof. Dr., DECBHM
Clinic for Ruminants, Vetmeduni Vienna
Peritonitis , Malassimilation Syndromes in Large Animals , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

Zerai Woldehiwet, DVM, PhD, DAgric, MRCVS
Institute of Infection and Global Health and School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool
Tick Pyemia , Tickborne Fever

R. Darren Wood, DVM, DVSc, DACVP
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Leukocyte Disorders

Michelle Woodward, DVM, MS, DACVD
Louisiana State University
Saddle Sores , Tumors of the Ear Canal and Middle Ear , Otitis Externa , Otitis Media and Interna

Peter R. Woolcock, BSc, MSc, PhD
California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
Duck Viral Hepatitis

Robert Wylie, BVSc, QDA
Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

Mariko Yamamoto, PhD
Teikyo University of Science
The Human-Animal Bond , Health and the Human-Animal Bond

Roy P. E. Yanong, VMD
University of Florida
Aquaculture

Laszlo Zsak, DVM, PhD
USDA-Agricultural Research Center, SAA, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
Goose Parvovirus Infection

Additional acknowledgements

Some entries contain information and text from even earlier versions. We recognize the important contributions of those contributors who made our previous versions a success.