Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

Scoliosis due to vitamin B deficiency, tadpole
Scoliosis due to vitamin B deficiency, tadpole

This Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis tadpole and its cohorts developed scoliosis as a result of vitamin B deficiency. Subsequent clutches were normal when supplemented with vitamin B complex.

Courtesy of the National Aquarium.