Merck Manual

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Commonly Used Drugs in Sugar Gliders

Commonly Used Drugs in Sugar Gliders

Drug

Dosage

Considerations

Antibiotics

Amoxicillin

30 mg/kg, PO or IM, once daily or divided twice daily

For dermatitis

Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid

12.5 mg/kg/day, PO

Broad-spectrum against anaerobes and aerobes

Cephalexin

30 mg/kg/day, PO

Enrofloxacin

2.5–5 mg/kg, PO or IM, once or twice daily

Potential tissue necrosis when injected

Gentamicin

1.5–2.5 mg/kg, SC, IM, IV, twice daily

Nephrotoxic

Metronidazole

25 mg/kg/day, PO

Penicillin

22,000–25,000 IU/kg, once or twice daily

Sulfadimethoxine

5–10 mg/kg, PO, once or twice daily

Ensure hydrated

Trimethoprim/sulfa

10–20 mg/kg, PO, once or twice daily

Antiparasitics

Carbaryl 5% powder

Topically or in cage

Use small amounts to treat ectoparasites

Fenbendazole

20–50 mg/kg/day, PO, × 3 days

For roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms

Ivermectin

0.2 mg/kg, PO, SC; repeat in 14 days

For roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, mites

Metronidazole

25 mg/kg/day × 3 days; repeat in 14 days

For intestinal protozoa

Piperazine

100 mg/kg, PO

Pyrethrin powder

Topically

For ectoparasites

Selamectin

6–8 mg/kg, topically; repeat in 30 days

For ectoparasites

Antifungals

Itraconazole

5–10 mg/kg, PO, bid

Nystatin

5,000 IU/kg, three times daily × 3 days

For Candida

Analgesics

Acepromazine/butorphanol

1.7 mg/kg/1.7 mg/kg, PO

Postoperative analgesic and sedative to decrease self-mutilation of incision

Buprenorphine

0.01–0.03 mg/kg, PO or SC, twice daily

Butorphanol

0.1–0.5 mg/kg, SC or IM, every 6–8 hours

Meloxicam

0.1–0.2 mg/kg/day, PO or SC

Anti-inflammatory

Preanesthetics

Atropine

0.02–0.04 mg/kg, IM, SC, IV

To lessen intraoperative secretions

Glycopyrrolate

0.01–0.02 mg/kg, IM, SC, IV

To lessen intraoperative secretions

Anesthetics

Diazepam

0.5–2 mg/kg, PO, IM, IV

Sedative, anticonvulsant

Isoflurane

1%–5%

Via face mask or intubation

Ketamine

30–50 mg/kg, IM

Ketamine/medetomidine

2–3 mg/kg/0.05-0.1 mg/kg, IM

Immobilization

Ketamine/midazolam

10–20 mg/kg/0.35–0.5 mg/kg, IM

Give ketamine 10 min after midazolam

Midazolam

0.25–0.5 mg/kg, IM or IV

Sedative, anxiolytic

Sevoflurane

1%–5%

Via face mask or intubation;

possible toxicity, use cautiously

Cardiac Drugs

Enalapril

0.22–0.44 mg/kg/day, PO

Furosemide

1–4 mg/kg, SC or IM, every 6–12 hours

Diuretic

GI Drugs

Cisapride

0.25 mg/kg, PO, once to three times a day

GI motility enhancer

Metoclopramide

0.05–0.1 mg/kg, PO, two to four times a day

GI motility enhancer

Hormones

Calcitonin

50–100 IU/kg, SC or IM

Helps mobilize calcium

Prednisolone

0.1-0.2 mg/kg/day, PO, SC, IM

Corticosteroid

Vitamins

Calcium glubionate

150 mg/kg/day, PO

Calcium supplement

Vitamin A

500–5,000 IU/kg, IM, once

For dermatitis

Vitamin E

25–100 IU/glider/day

Vitamin K

2 mg/kg, SC, every 1–3 days

Intestinal and liver disease