Merck Manual

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Formulation of a Fortified, Water-Soluble Vitamin Supplement a for Dogs and Cats with Liver Disease

Formulation of a Fortified, Water-Soluble Vitamin Supplement a for Dogs and Cats with Liver Disease

Vitamin Supplement

Concentration per mL

Thiamine hydrochloride (vitamin B1)

50 mg

Riboflavin 5′ phosphate sodium (vitamin B2)

2–2.5 mg

Niacinamide (vitamin B3)

50–100 mg

d-Panthenol (vitamin B5)

5–10 mg

Pyridoxine HCl (vitamin B6)

2–5 mg

Cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12)

Variable; 0.4–50 mcg (low B12 values necessitate additional supplementation in deficient cats, SC or IM)

Benzyl alcohol (preservative)

1.5%

a 2 mL/L of IV fluid