Merck Manual

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Types of Hernias

Types of Hernias

General Area

Specific Type

Description

Diaphragm

Peritoneopericardial

Abdominal contents extend into the sac surrounding the heart

Pleuroperitoneal

Abdominal contents extend into the sac surrounding the lungs

Hiatal

Stomach and/or lower esophagus protrude through the esophageal opening (hiatus) into the chest cavity

Abdomen

Umbilical

Abdominal contents protrude at the site of the navel

Inguinal

Abdominal contents protrude into the groin, above the scrotum of male animals

Scrotal

Abdominal contents protrude into the scrotum (the sac surrounding the testes) of male animals