Merck Manual

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Selected Drugs Used in Llamas and Alpacas

Selected Drugs Used in Llamas and Alpacas

Drug

Dosage

Comment

Sedation/anesthesia

Xylazine

0.1–0.2 mg/kg, IV

For sedation

0.3–0.4 mg/kg, IV

For recumbency

Butorphanol

0.1–0.2 mg/kg, IM or IV

For sedation

KXB: ketamine (4 mg/kg), xylazine (0.4 mg/kg), and butorphanol (0.04 mg/kg)

1 mL/22.5 kg, IM (llamas); 1 mL/18 kg, IM (alpacas)

Mix 1,000 mg ketamine with 100 mg xylazine and 10 mg butorphanol; if needed to maintain anesthesia, ½ initial dose can be given IV in the medial saphenous vein

Antibiotics

Aqueous procaine penicillin

20–40,000 units/kg, SC

Long-acting tetracycline

18–20 mg/kg, SC, every 2–3 days

Ceftiofur

2.2 mg/kg, IM or IV, bid

Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

3/15 mg/kg, IV, bid

Ampicillin sodium

6 mg/kg, IM or IV, bid

Enrofloxacin

5 mg/kg, IV, bid

Gentamicin

0.75 mg/kg, IV, tid

4–5 mg/kg/day, IV

Tobramycin

4 mg/kg/day, IV

Amikacin

12 mg/kg/day, IV

Reproductive

hCGa

5,000 IU

GnRH

1 mcg/kg

Cloprostenol

100–150 mcg, IM, repeated in 24 hr

Dinoprost tromethamine

5 mg, SC, repeated in 24 hr

Anthelmintics

Ivermectin

0.2 mg/kg

Pyrantel pamoate

18 mg/kg

Fenbendazole

5–10 mg/kg

Clorsulon

7–14 mg/kg

Albendazole

10 mg/kg

Coccidial

Ponazurilb

20 mg/kg/day for 3 days

Ideally should be followed by sulfadimethoxine, 55 mg/kg, SC on day 1, then 27.5 mg/kg, SC, for 2 additional days

Gastric

Omeprazole

0.4 mg/kg, bid

Mange, Local Therapy

Mixture of:

Shake before use and apply mixture to local lesions with a paint brush every 5 days for 5 treatments

Mineral oil

2 oz

DMSO, 10%

2 oz

Ivermectin, injectable

4 mL

Gentamicin

1 g

a Human chorionic gonadotropin

b For treatment of Eimeria macusaniensis