Merck Manual

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Antimicrobials Used in Pet Birds

Antimicrobials Used in Pet Birds

Antimicrobiala

Dose, Route, and Frequencyb

Amikacin sulfate

15 mg/kg, IM, bid

Amoxicillin/clavulanate

125 mg/kg, PO, tid

Azithromycin

50 mg/kg/day, PO

Ceftazidime sodium

75 mg/kg, IM, tid

Ciprofloxacin

25 mg/kg, PO, bid

Clindamycin

100 mg/kg, PO, bid for 5 days to treat Clostridium

Doxycycline

25 mg/kg, PO, bid for 45 daysc

Doxycycline injectable, 20 mg/mL

75–100 mg/kg, IM or SC, every 5 days, then weekly for six treatmentsc

Enrofloxacin

15–20 mg/kg, PO or IM, bid

Metronidazole

25 mg/kg, PO, bid for 14 days for Giardia, Clostridium

Marbofloxacin

2.5 mg/kg/day, PO

Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

50–100 mg/kg, PO, bid

a Most are unapproved for use in birds, and caution is indicated.

b May vary with etiology and species treated

c Duration and dosage for treatment of Chlamydia