Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

Proximate Analysis of Whole Prey

Proximate Analysis of Whole Prey

Species

Scientific Name

Dry Matter (DM)

Crude Protein (% in DM)

Crude Fat (% in DM)

Ash (% in DM)

Ca

(% in DM)

P

(% in DM)

Cu (mg/kg DM)

Fe (mg/kg DM)

Zn (mg/kg DM)

Mn (mg/kg DM)

Rodents

Rat, adult

Rattus norvegicus domestica

29.8 (20.8–34.4)

59.7 (56.1–62.8)

26.5 (22.1–32.6)

11.7 (9.8–14.8)

2.8 (2.1–3.5)

1.7 (1.5–1.9)

4.5

58.9

43.3

Rat, baby

20.8

65

20.9

1.7

1.1

27.5

171.5

106.7

5.2

Rat, 11 weeks

35.7

63.4

34.9

7.5

2.3

Mouse, adult

Mus musculus

281. (18.2–35.6)

54.9 (44.2–64.2)

28.4 (17.0–46.5)

9.6 (7.6–11.8)

1.9 (1.2–3.0)

1.5 (1.2–1.7)

11.8 (6.7–19.2)

139.4 (34.6–181.3)

68.3 (47.7–82.5)

6.3 (0.2–13.1)

Mouse, baby

20.7

68.7

20.1

9.9

1.5

1.8

22.4

247.6

103.6

4.8

Mouse, 25–35g

40.4

56.1

27.1

9.7

3.5

1.8

14.7

204.7

0.4

7.8

Guinea pig, adult

Cavia porcellus

33.6

46.0

39

11.1

2

3.1

Guinea pig, baby

29.1

51.2

34.7

14.1

Guinea pig, 10 weeks

31.3

51.4

46.1

9.2

3

Rabbit, adult

Oryctolagus cuniculus domestica

31.8

59.9

22.5

14.2

2.3

2.3

Birds

Day-old chick

Gallus domesticus

25.7 (25.0–27.7)

64.4 (60.0–72.4)

24.1 (22.4–28.1)

7.1 (6.4–7.4)

1.3 (0.8–1.7)

0.9 (0.5–1.2)

2.6

52.3

Chicken, whole

33.5

43.1

35.2

12

2.7

2.1

3.6

122.2

11.6

Chicken leg

40.3

49.9

36.7

6.4

1.7

2.7

Chicken liver

26.3

81

10.5

5

0

1.2

18.7

358.8

125.6

Quail

Coturnix japonica

34

63.7

28.7

10.3

3.7

Insects

Cricket, adult

Acheta domestica

32

62.6

20.4

5.2

0.3

1

20.2

153

154

26.3

Cricket, juvenile

33

45

10

9.1

0.7

0.8

9.6

197

159

53

Grasshopper 

Locusta migratoria

31

67.5

14

6

0.1

0.7

Bee, drone + worker

30

18.6

3.2

5.2

Cockroach

38.7

20.9

11

1.3

0.1

0.2

Fish fly

26.5

16.9

5.2

1.5

0.1

0.3

House fly, maggot

Musca domestica

50.4

18.9

0.5

1.6

Fruit fly

Drosophila melanogaster

30.9

68

19

7.2

0.2

1.3

Insect Larvae

Mealworm

32.8

52.8

36.1

3.8

0.3

0.8

Buffalo worm

50

24

11

9

Bloodworm

9.9

5.2

1

1.1

0.04

0.09

Black soldier fly larvae

42.9

2.6

7.6

0.9

Mouse fly maggot meal

50.4

18.9

0.5

1.6

Silkworm pupae meal

60.7

25.7

0.4

0.6

Morio or superworm

38.2

68.1

14.3

6.2

0.1

0.7