Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

honeypot link
Papilledema secondary to avitaminosis A, growing heifer
papilledema_cow_high
Papilledema secondary to avitaminosis A, growing heifer

    In avitaminosis A of young calves, optic nerve hypoplasia is seen, whereas in young growing cattle, papilledema results secondary to increased CSF pressure.

Courtesy of K. Gelatt.

In these topics
Optic Nerve