Merck Manual

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Important  Husbandry  Requirements  for  Selected  Reptiles

Important  Husbandry  Requirements  for  Selected  Reptiles

Species

Habitat / Vivarium Type

POTZa (°C)

Humidity %

Lightingb

Hibernation

Dietc

Corn/rat snake

Terrestrial, scrubland

25–30

30–70d

NS

Yes

C

Boa constrictor

Terrestrial, rain forest (semi-arboreal/aquatic)

28–31

70–95

NS

No

C

Ball python

Terrestrial, scrubland

25–30

50–80

NS

No

C

Leopard gecko

Terrestrial, arid scrub

25–30

20–30d

NS

No

I, c

Green iguana

Arboreal, rain forest

29–33

60–85

BS

No

H

Bearded dragon

Terrestrial, desert

25–32

20–30d

BS

No

I, c, h

Water dragon

Arboreal, rain forest

24–30

80–90

BS

No

I, c, h

Savannah monitor

Terrestrial, arid scrub

25–32

20–40d

BS

No

C, i

Greek tortoise

Terrestrial, temperate to subtropical

20–28

30–50

BS

Yes

H, c

Box tortoise

Terrestrial, temperate to subtropical

22–28

50–80

BS

Yes

H, I, c

Leopard tortoise

Terrestrial, tropical

25–30

30–50

BS

No

H, c

Red-footed tortoise

Terrestrial, tropical

25–30

50–90

BS

No

H, c

Red-eared slider

Temperate to subtropical gravel bottom or bare, water depth 30 cm min, land area ⅓ of tank

22–27

Aquatic

BS

Possible

H, I, c

a POTZ = preferred optimal temperature zone. Temperature requirements shown are air temperature gradients. In general, basking temperatures should be 5°C warmer, whereas at night these temperatures should fall by 5°C.

b BS = broad-spectrum lighting (UVB 290–300 nm) essential, NS = no special lighting requirements, although broad-spectrum lighting is still recommended because it is likely to have health benefits.

c I or i = insectivorous, H or h = herbivorous, C or c = carnivorous; upper case indicates major food preference, lower case minor food preference.

d Humidity requirements are significantly greater during ecdysis.