Merck Manual

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Composition of Plant Foods that May Be Offered to Reptiles

Composition of Plant Foods that May Be Offered to Reptiles

Food Item

Dry Matter (%)

Protein (%)

Fat (%)

Energy (Kcal/g)

Calcium (%)

Phosphorus (%)

Ca:P Ratio

Alfalfa

15.5

37.1

3.94

1.29

0.21

6.14

Applea

0.2

0.6

0.57

0

0

0.57

Bananaa

29.3

1.1

0.3

0.79

0

0.02

0.25

Black currants

0.06

0.04

1.4

Blackberry

0.06

0.02

2.62

Broccoli

3.6

0.3

0.1

0.06

1.49

Cabbage

1.3

0.2

0.04

0.03

1.22

Carrots

10.1

0.7

0.23

0.04

0.02

2.29

Clover hay

11

1.9

1

0.2

5.0

Collard

0.2

0.07

2.76

Cranberries

0.01

0.01

1.36

Damsons

0.02

0.01

1.5

Dandelions

0.18

0.07

2.4

Endive

1.7

0.1

0.08

0.03

2.67

Fennel

2.8

0.4

0.1

0.05

1.96

Fig

0.28

0.09

3.04

Grass (lawn)

33

2.4

1.2

1.58

0.1

0.09

1.1

Iceberg lettuce

1.2

2.5

0.14

0.03

0.02

1.34

Kale

0.17

0.06

2.9

Lemon

0.11

0.01

9.17

Lettucea

4.1

1

0.4

0.12

0.02

0.02

0.85

Mustard cress

0.06

0.06

1

Orange

13.9

0.8

0.35

0.04

0.02

1.71

Parsley

0.2

0.13

1.53

Radish

0.04

0.02

1.63

Raspberry

0.04

0.02

1.41

Red currants

0.03

0.03

1.2

Spinach

3

0.3

0.09

0.05

1.69

Tomatoa

6.6

0.9

trace

0.14

0.01

0.02

0.62

Turnip

1.1

0.9

0.05

0.01

2.89

Watercress

2.2

0.3

0.22

0.05

4.23

White grapea

20.7

0.6

trace

0.63

0.01

0.02

0.86

a The poor Ca:P ratio of these commonly used items may make them less suitable as a staple component of a reptile diet.