Merck Manual

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Diets of Selected Mammals

Diets of Selected Mammals

Freshwater Otter Diet

Percent (%)

Ground horse or cow meat

38

Ground beef heart

20

Ground dry cat food

13

Beet pulp

2.9

Mirra-Coat®

1.9

Calcium carbonate

0.8

Poultry fat

4.9

Water

16.9

Lactose

0.04

Yogurt

0.72

Mineral-vitamin mix

0.84

All ingredients should be combined in a large mixer, divided into daily portions, and frozen. Lactose for lactobacilli can be added in yogurt to help maintain freshness. Lactose and yogurt are optional.

Liquid Diet for Bats

Percent (%)

Dry mix:

Mixed baby cereal

20.7

Wheat germ

4

Nonfat dried milk powder

9

Calcium caseinate

15.8

Sugar

45.5

Protein supplement (casein-based)

3

Mineral-vitamin mix

2

The dry mix (100 g) should be mixed with canned peach nectar (540 mL), water (260 mL), and corn oil (6 mL), and fed with peeled bananas.

Large Herbivore Pellet for Grazers

Percent (%)

Wheat middlings

30

Alfalfa hay, sun-cured, ground (16% crude protein)

22

Corn grain, ground

19.1

Soybean meal without hulls (48% crude protein)

11.4

Alfalfa meal, dehydrated (17% crude protein)

10

Sugarcane molasses

5

Soybean oil

1

Phosphorus supplement

0.8

Sodium chloride

0.5

Mineral premixa

0.1

Vitamin premixb

0.1

Calculated composition (dry-matter basis): 89% dry matter, 19% crude protein, 4.3% fat, 16% acid detergent fiber, 12% crude fiber, 0.75% calcium, 0.7% phosphorus

a Mineral premix (mg/kg of premix): 75,000 Zn, 50,000 Fe, 30,000 Mn, 10,000 Cu, 800 I, 200 Se, and 100 Co

b Vitamin premix (per kg of premix): 5,000,000 IU vitamin A, 400,000 IU vitamin D3, 200,000 mg vitamin E, 500,000 mg choline, 40,000 mg niacin, 20,000 mg pantothenic acid, 4,000 mg riboflavin, 20 mg vitamin B12