Merck Manual

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Functions of the Liver in Horses

Functions of the Liver in Horses

  • Metabolizes fats, carbohydrates, and proteins

  • Metabolizes drugs (inactivates or makes it easier for the body to excrete them)

  • Stores, metabolizes, and activates vitamins

  • Stores minerals, glycogen, and triglycerides

  • Manufactures proteins needed for various body functions, such as blood clotting

  • Produces bile acids needed for digestion

  • Detoxifies harmful products manufactured within the body (such as ammonia) or consumed by the animal (such as poisons)

  • Influences immune responses

  • Helps develop blood cells (extramedullary hematopoiesis)