Merck Manual

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Resuscitation Endpoints

Resuscitation Endpoints

Monitored Parameter

"Supranormal"

(high-end resuscitation)

"Hypotensive"

(low-end resuscitation)

Blood pressure

Systolic

Mean arterial

-

90–120 mmHg

80–90 mmHg

-

80–90 mmHg

60–80 mmHg

Central venous pressure

6–8 cm H2O

3–5 cm H2O

Heart ratea

Dog

Cat

-

<140 bpm

160–200 bpm

<140 bpm

160–200 bpm

Capillary refill time

1–2 sec

1–2 sec

Pulse intensity (femoral)

Strong

Strong

Resuscitation technique

Dog

Cat

-

Large volume

Small volume

-

Small volume

Small volume

Clinical indications

SIRS diseases

Cortisol deficiency (hypoadrenocorticism, critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency)

Anaphylaxis

Heart failure

Closed cavity hemorrhage

Ongoing hemorrhage

Brain disease

Lung edema

Oliguric renal failure

a After appropriate analgesia