Merck Manual

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What Is a Brachycephalic Dog Breed?

What Is a Brachycephalic Dog Breed?

“Brachycephalic” comes from Greek words meaning “short” and “head.” The term refers to breeds that might be described as having a short or “pushed-in” face. Because of their unique head structure, these breeds can be prone to certain respiratory, dental, and eye abnormalities.

Examples of brachycephalic dog breeds include the following:

  • Boston Terrier

  • Boxer

  • Bulldog

  • Pekingese

  • Pug

  • Shih Tzu