Merck Manual

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Vaccinations Recommended for Exotic Mammals

Vaccinations Recommended for Exotic Mammals

Animal Group

Disease or Vaccine

Vaccine Typea

Vaccination Frequency

Primates (especially Pongidae): monkey, ape

Poliomyelitis

MLV

Annual

Measles

MLV

Annual

Mumps

MLV

Annual

Rubella

MLV

Annual

DPTb or tetanus

K

Annual

Canidae: fox, wolf, coyote, wild dog

Canine distemper

Vectored, MLVd

Annual

Canine adenovirus 2

MLV

Annual

Canine parvovirus

K

Annual

Canine parainfluenza

MLV

Annual

Leptospira bacterin-CIc

K

Annual

Felidae: exotic cats

Feline panleukopenia

K/MLVd

Annual

Feline rhinotracheitis

K/MLV

Annual

Feline caliciviruses

K/MLV

Annual

Mustelidae/Viverridae/Procyonidae: raccoon, skunk, ferret, coati, genet, otter, weasel, mink, kinkajou

Canine distemper

K/MLV, Vectoredd

Annual

Feline panleukopenia

K/MLV

Annual

Canine adenovirus 2 bacterin-CI

K/MLV

Annual

Leptospira bacterin-CI

K

Annual

Ursidae: bear

Canine adenovirus 2

K

Annual

Leptospira bacterin-CI

K

Annual

Hyaenidae: hyena, aardwolf

Canine distempere

K/MLV

Annual

Feline panleukopeniae

K/MLV

Annual

Artiodactyla/ Ruminantia: deer, sheep, cattle, goat, antelope, camelids

BVDf (in endemic areas)

K

Annual

8-way Clostridium bacterin

K

Annual

5-way Leptospira bacterin

K

Annual or every 6 mo

Parainfluenza 3

MLV

Annual

Perissodactyla Equidae: ass, zebra

Tetanus

K

Annual

EEEg

K

Annual

WEEh

K

Annual

Equine rhinopneumonitis

K

Every 4 mo

West Nile virus

K, DNA

Annual

Influenza

K

Annual

Suidae/Tayassuidae: pigs, peccaries

5-way Leptospira bacterin

K

Annual

Erysipelas bacterin

K

Annual

a MLV = modified live virus; K = killed

b DPT = diptheria, pertussis, and tetanus

c Canicola or Icterohaemorrhagiae

d Not ferret origin; recombinant canarypox origin preferred

e Controversial; some believe hyaenids are not susceptible

f BVD = bovine viral diarrhea

g EEE = Eastern equine encephalomyelitis

h WEE = Western equine encephalomyelitis