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Disorders of Tendonsin Animals


Stephen B. Adams

, DVM, MS, DACVS, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University

Last full review/revision Nov 2020 | Content last modified Jan 2021
Topic Resources

Tendons act as bridging and attachment structures for the muscles to bone; some tendons are long and therefore prone to injury, especially because they are often loaded to the extreme and are only minimally capable of elastic elongation. A prime example is the superficial flexor tendon of horses, which is frequently injured by partial tearing that leads to tendinitis Tendinitis in Horses Inflammation of a tendon can be acute or chronic, with varying degrees of tendon fibril disruption. Tendinitis is most common in horses used at fast work, particularly racehorses. The problem... read more . Another acquired injury of tendons involves traumatic disruptions by internal forces or by external trauma. Healing of tendons and ligaments is prolonged, and the resultant repair tissue is usually of inferior mechanical strength compared to the original, healthy tendon. Newer treatment modalities (eg, stem cell injection, platelet-rich plasma, extracorporeal shock wave therapy) combined with specific rehabilitation programs have improved the prognosis for recovery from tendon and ligament disorders and return of animals to soundness for their intended use.

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Musculoskeletal Disorders in Large Animals
A seven-year-old Quarter horse gelding presents with a 1-week history of mild lameness. During the examination, the horse raises his head as he places weight on his left forelimb and drops it when placing weight on the right forelimb. Which limb is most likely affected in this horse?
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