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Find information on animal health topics, written for the veterinary professional.

Nonspecific Immunotherapy

By Ian Tizard, BVMS, PhD, DACVM, University Distinguished Professor of Immunology; Director, Richard M. Schubot Exotic Bird Health Center, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University
Susan L. Payne, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Texas A&M University

Under some circumstances, it may be desirable to enhance the activity of an animal’s immune system. This may include stimulation of the normal immune response to enhance protection and treatment of immunosuppressive conditions. Several types of immunostimulators have been used in veterinary medicine. They commonly contain microbial components, and many act by stimulating one or more toll-like receptors or related receptor systems.