Most of the Overview Overview of Tuberculosis in Animals Tuberculosis is an infectious zoonotic disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium complex. It is usually a chronic, debilitating disease; however, symptoms... read more discussion applies to bovine tuberculosis, which is caused predominantly by M bovis. The introduction of milk pasteurization was a major step in the fight against infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in cattle and humans, and pasteurization continues to be an important control procedure in many countries where the disease is present. Many countries have eradicated or controlled bovine TB through test-and-cull and abattoir surveillance programs.
The trusted provider of veterinary information since 1955