Merck Manual

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Donald L. Noah

, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, Lincoln Memorial University;

Stephanie R. Ostrowski

, DVM, MPVM, DACVPM, Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University

Last full review/revision May 2015 | Content last modified Jun 2016

Zooeyia is defined as “the positive inverse of zoonosis” and represents the innumerable benefits that stem from human interaction with animals. (See also The Human-Animal Bond The Human-Animal Bond read more .) Too often, that interaction focuses on negative issues such as disease and injury rather than on the positive contributions to our physical, mental, and social well-being. These contributions are manifested at both the individual and community levels. Documented individual benefits of interaction with animals include increased physical activity, smoking cessation, hypertension control, reduced anxiety, and treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Interaction with domestic animals contributes at the community level by facilitating social interaction, promoting a sense of safety, enhancing the “give and take” communication between neighbors and fellow pet owners, and perhaps even lowering overall health care costs.

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Basics of Food Safety
Foodborne pathogens have similar nutritional and environmental requirements that affect their ability to multiply. Food handlers can control these aspects to limit pathogen growth. For example, pathogens grow best when the temperature is 40°F and 140°F. In general, perishable foods should not be kept in this danger zone for more than how many hours?
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