Vulvitis (inflammation of the vulva) and vaginitis (inflammation of the vagina) can develop due to difficult labor, chronic contamination of the reproductive tract due to poor conformation, sexually transmitted diseases, or mating. Bruises and hematomas (a pool of blood under the surface of the skin) of the vagina may be found in mares following delivery of a foal. Severe inflammation of the vulva and vagina, including local tissue death, may also occur. The signs of severe inflammation can include an arched back, elevated tail, poor appetite, straining, swelling of the vulva, and a foul-smelling, watery discharge. Signs begin 1 to 4 days after birth and last for 2 to 4 weeks. In most cases, supportive care and treatment with antibiotics is sufficient.
Equine coital exanthema Equine Coital Exanthema (Genital Horsepox, Equine Venereal Balanitis) Equine coital exanthema is a benign (noncancerous) sexually transmitted disease of horses that probably occurs worldwide. It affects both sexes and is caused by equine herpesvirus type 3. Although... read more is caused by a viral infection and may lead to vaginitis and vulvitis. The disease causes discomfort, but does not decrease fertility.
Dourine Dourine Blood parasites are organisms that live in the blood of their animal hosts. These parasites can range from single-celled protozoa to more complex bacteria and rickettsiae. The method of transmission... read more is a sexually transmitted disease of horses caused by the protozoan parasite, Trypanosoma equiperdum. Early signs of the disease include swelling of the vagina and vulva. Dourine occurs primarily in the Mediterranean coast of Africa, the Middle East, southern Africa, and South America.
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See our professional content regarding vulvitis and vaginitis in large animals Vulvitis and Vaginitis in Large Animals Contusion and hematoma of the vagina occur after parturition in all species but especially in mares and sows. Occasionally, vaginal hematomas in sows may rupture and cause serious hemorrhage... read more .