Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

honeypot link
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, cat
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, cat

    The heart of a cat with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, showing the interventricular septum (IVS), papillary muscle (P), left ventricular free wall (LVFW), aorta (Ao), and left atrium (LA). The arrow points to the narrowed left ventricular outflow tract.

Courtesy of Dr. Mark D. Kittleson.