Please confirm that you are a health care professional
The link you have selected will take you to a third-party website. We do not control or have responsibility for the content of any third-party site.
Enter search terms to find related veterinary topics, multimedia and more.
• Use “ “ for phrases
o [ “canine influenza”]
• Use – to remove results with certain terms
o [pig –guinea]
• Use OR to account for alternate terms
o [alopecia OR “hair loss” ]
Whenever cancer surgery is being considered, you should discuss its costs and benefits with your veterinarian.
Complete cure and a disease-free life
Improved quality of life (even if complete cure is not possible)
Prolonged life (even if complete cure is not possible)
Potential complications of surgery, including infections, bleeding, recurrence of the cancer, and undesirable changes in appearance
Short- or longterm pain and discomfort
Loss of normal function in affected limbs or organs (for example, as a result of amputation)